When Should Wisdom Teeth Be Removed?

Jun 15, 2023 | Family Dentistry, Oral Surgery

When it comes to dental health, wisdom teeth often stir up questions and concerns. These third molars, which typically emerge between the ages of 17 and 25, can cause various issues, leading to the need for removal. However, not all wisdom teeth require extraction. In this blog post, we’ll explore the factors that determine when wisdom teeth should be removed and shed light on the process!

History of Wisdom Teeth

Wisdom teeth are vestiges from our evolutionary past when our ancestors’ diets consisted of coarser foods that required more chewing power. Over time, as our jaws have become smaller, the emergence of these additional molars often leads to complications. While some individuals may have sufficient space for their wisdom teeth to grow in properly, many others experience problems that necessitate removal.

Common Problems Associated with Wisdom Teeth

When it comes to wisdom teeth, several issues can arise: 

  • Impaction: One of the most common issues is when wisdom teeth become impacted, meaning they don’t have enough space to fully erupt. This can cause pain, swelling, and potential damage to nearby teeth.
  • Crowding: Wisdom teeth can push against neighboring teeth, disrupting the alignment of the existing dental arch and causing crowding issues.
  • Infections and Gum Disease: Partially erupted wisdom teeth can create pockets where bacteria can accumulate, leading to infections and gum disease.
  • Cysts and Tumors: In rare cases, wisdom teeth can develop cysts or tumors, potentially causing damage to the jawbone or adjacent teeth.

Determining the Need for Extraction

Not all wisdom teeth require removal. A thorough evaluation by a dental professional is necessary to determine the best course of action. X-rays and clinical examinations help identify potential problems, including impaction, overcrowding, decay, and infection. The dentist or oral surgeon will consider various factors before recommending extraction, including:

  • Impacted or Partially Erupted Teeth: Wisdom teeth that remain fully or partially covered by gum tissue are more likely to cause complications and often require extraction.
  • Angle of Eruption: If the wisdom teeth are growing at an angle that poses a risk to adjacent teeth or the jawbone, removal may be recommended.
  • Jaw Space: Insufficient space in the jaw can lead to overcrowding and misalignment of existing teeth, warranting extraction.
  • Age: Generally, it’s easier to remove wisdom teeth at a younger age before the roots fully develop and the surrounding bone becomes denser.

The Process of Removing Wisdom Teeth

If extraction is necessary, the dentist or oral surgeon will discuss the procedure and provide instructions for preparation and aftercare. Wisdom tooth extraction can be done under local anesthesia, sedation, or general anesthesia, depending on the complexity of the case and the patient’s preference. The procedure typically involves making an incision in the gum tissue, removing any bone obstructing the tooth, and finally extracting the tooth. Afterward, proper post-operative care is crucial to ensure a smooth recovery.

When is the Right Time to Get Your Wisdom Teeth Removed?

Determining the ideal time for wisdom teeth removal depends on several factors. Generally, it is recommended to consider extraction during the late teenage years or early adulthood, before the roots fully develop and complications arise. Younger patients tend to experience an easier and faster recovery process. Additionally, addressing wisdom teeth before they cause problems can prevent potential issues such as impaction, overcrowding, infections, and damage to neighboring teeth. However, each case is unique, and it is essential to consult with a dental professional who can evaluate your specific situation and provide personalized recommendations for the optimal timing of wisdom teeth removal.

Need Your Wisdom Teeth Removed?

Deciding whether to remove wisdom teeth is a case-by-case scenario, and it’s important to consult with a dental professional for an accurate assessment. While some people may never experience issues with their wisdom teeth, many individuals benefit from their removal to prevent potential complications. By understanding the common problems associated with wisdom teeth and considering factors like impaction, overcrowding, infections, and age, both patients and dentists can make informed decisions regarding extraction, ultimately promoting optimal dental health and well-being. Remember, regular dental check-ups and open communication with your dentist are essential in maintaining a healthy and functional smile!

If you have concerns about your wisdom teeth, Salling and Tate Dentistry is here to help! With vast expertise and experience, we can guide you through the process and ensure a smooth and comfortable experience. Whether you are experiencing pain, swelling, or other complications associated with your wisdom teeth, our team of skilled dental professionals will assess your situation and determine if extraction is necessary. Call 910-256-9040 to speak to our team and schedule an appointment!